Express Entry is the most popular and fastest immigration pathway designed by the Government of Canada. More than 110,000 immigrants from over the world are welcomed to Canada per year by 2024. This step-by-step guide will help you understand how to immigrate to Canada under Express Entry program in 2022.
- Express Entry 2022 Overview
- Express Entry Eligibility and CRS score
- 1. Who is eligible for Canada Express Entry?
- 2. What is the ideal Express Entry candidate?
- 3. How are the Express Entry points are calculated?
- 4. How to increase your CRS score?
- Submit an Express Entry profile
- 1. How to create an Express Entry profile
- 2. What is an ITA
- 3. What happens if I receive an Invitation to Apply
- 4. What documents needed to submit an Express Entry profile
- 5. How to get a language result authorized by IRCC for Express Entry
- 6. How to obtain an ECA for Express Entry
- 7. How to find a NOC Code
- 8. How to show proof of fund in an Express Entry profile
- 9. Ineligible to submit an Express Entry profile
- 10. How to check the status of Express Entry profile
- 11. Express Entry rounds of invitation in 2022
- 12. Express Entry rounds of invitation in 2021
UPDATE: On April 22, the Minister of Canada Immigration, Sean Fraser, announced that Express Entry all-program draws will be resumed in early July 2022.
Express Entry 2022 Overview
1. What is Canada Express Entry (EE)?
Introduced first time on January 01, 2015, Express Entry is a faster way for eligible skilled workers to immigrate to Canada. This is an online system used to organize, process, and manage applications of skilled workers who wish to acquire Canadian permanent residence status. There are three programs:
- Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
- Federal Skilled Trades (FST)
Candidates submit their online profiles through the system to be determined if they are eligible for a program managed by Express Entry.
Eligible candidates are accepted into the pool and are ranked according to the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
The CRS is a points-based system used by the government to assess and rank candidates in the Express Entry pool. The CRS score is calculated based on a candidate’s age, education, work experience, language skills, …
Approximately every two weeks, the Canadian government selects the highest-scoring candidates from the Express Entry pool and provides them with an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence.
2. What are requirements for Canada Express Entry?
Each of Express Entry programs has its own eligibility requirements. In general, you must meet the following minimum requirements to be eligible to apply as a skilled worker:
- Have at least one year, in the last 10 years of continuous full-time (or equivalent part-time) work experience in a skilled occupation
- Be able to demonstrate on an approved language test a minimum of CLB 7 in either English or French
- Completed post-secondary education that is assessed against Canadian standards with an Education Credential Assessment.
- Be under 30, you will get a maximum 110 CRS points, there is a drop-off in terms of points available as candidates get later into their 30s.
- Be screened for criminal history and medical issued.
Meeting these requirements does not mean you will receive an ITA for Canadian permanent residence. Candidates with stronger profiles will always be selected over candidates that simply meet the minimum requirements.
3. How long does the Canada Express Entry process take?
Once candidate enter the pool, their profiles can be valid for up to one year.
If you receive an ITA, you will have 60 days to provide the requested documents. If you fail to make the 60-day deadline, the ITA becomes invalid.
As soon as you submit a complete application, you can expect the immigration authorities to process your permanent residence application within 6 months.
The processing time ends when a final decision is made on the application.
If a candidate does not receive an ITA within one year of creating their profile, they can re-submit their profile if they are still eligible.
4. How does Express Entry work?
The below step-by-step breakdown of how to submit an Express Entry profile and obtain permanent residence status to immigrate to Canada:
Step 1: Firstly, let’s discover if you are eligible for Express Entry
Step 2: After that, you can apply and complete your language testing and obtain an Educational Credentials Assessment (ECA).
Step 3: then, submit your online profile through the Canadian Express Entry system
Step 4: Wait to see if you receive an ITA
Step 5: Receive an ITA, submit all required documents to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), pay your fees, get an Acknowledgement of Receipt (AOR) from IRCC.
Step 6: Submit your Biometrics once IRCC requires you to do so
Step 7: Wait for IRCC to make the final decision on your application. Once your application is approved you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) and a permanent resident visa (if you are from a country that requires a visa) so you can travel to Canada and complete your landing.
5. How much does Express Entry cost?
There is free of charge to submit an application into the Express Entry system.
However, there are also possible costs before applying an application that you need to be aware of:
- English or French language exam
- Educational Credential Assessment
- Translation fees for your documents
- Police certificate/Medical Exam
Canadian Government fees after you receive an ITA (Effective April 30, 2022):
- You: Processing fee ($850) and right of permanent residence fee ($515) – $1,365
- Your spouse/partner: Processing fee ($850) and right of permanent residence fee ($515) – $1,365
- Include a dependent child: $230/child
- Biometrics fee: $85/person (aged 14 or older)
There are 2 steps to apply for an Express Entry application:
– 1st step: submit your profile with the following documents: Language test results, educational credential assessment report, a passport or travel document.
– 2nd step: After you submit your profile and you receive an invitation to apply for Canadian permanent residence, you will need to provide a more substantial application that includes reference letters, additional identity documents, police clearance certificates, results of a medical examination, pay the fees, and wait for a decision is made.
You do not need to hire an immigration firm to go through the Express Entry process, but it can be beneficial for you to do so.
An experienced, professional, and trustworthy Canadian immigration consultant can maximize your chances of succeeding under Express Entry for a modest legal fee.
They can provide you with guidance on how to obtain the maximum number of Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points, and walk you through the Express Entry process, from submitting your profile, to preparing your permanent residence application after you have received an invitation to apply (ITA) for permanent residence. In addition, it is a consultant’s job to ensure that you do not make mistakes or misrepresent your Canadian immigration application.
Silvester and Associates Immigration Consulting Inc. is authorized by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to represent immigration candidates in the Express Entry process.
Schedule an appointment to discover if you are eligible for Express Entry programs.
No, you do not need a job offer for Express Entry. Obtaining a job offer does not guarantee you will be selected; however, it will help to increase your Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score. You can get 50 or 200 additional CRS points if you receive a valid job offer under Express Entry.
Yes. Under Express Entry, you can include your spouse/common-law partner.
You can also include your dependent children, your spouse/common-law partner’s dependent children. If you are successful under Express Entry, your accompanying family members will also receive permanent residence.
Dependent children are defined as:
– being under 22 years old and is not a spouse or common law partner, or
– being 22 years of age or older, relied on the financial support of their parents before the age of 22, and cannot support themselves financially because of a physical or mental health condition
Express Entry Eligibility and CRS score
1. Who is eligible for Canada Express Entry?
Ideal Express Entry candidates are chosen based on their skills and abilities to contribute to Canada’s economy.
Basically, individuals who are under 30 years old with university or college degrees, skilled work experience and moderate proficiency in English and/or French are ideal Express Entry candidates.
If you are over 30 years old, there are also ways to improve your scores in the Express Entry pool and achieve the ITA.
2. What is the ideal Express Entry candidate?
When you enter the pool, you will receive a comprehensive ranking system (CRS) score. Those who rank higher, are more likely to receive an invitation to apply.
The following factors can influence your CRS score:
- language proficiency
- level of work experience
- level of education
- Canadian connections
Ideal Express Entry candidates should meet the following requirements:
- Be under 30 years old
- Hold at least two Bachelor’s degrees or a Master’s degree
- Be able to demonstrate moderate to high English and/or French language proficiency (Canadian Language Benchmark [CLB] level nine or higher)
- Have at least three years of skilled work experience
Other factors that can really boost your CRS score can include:
- Higher language proficiency in English and/or French
- Bilingualism in French and English
- A Master’s degree or Ph.D. education
- Canadian work or educational experience
- A Canadian brother or sister currently residing in Canada
- An arranged employment offer from a Canadian company
- A nomination from a provincial nominee program
3. How are the Express Entry points are calculated?
Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is a tool used to calculate your score based on the answers you provide. The CRS is a points-based system that IRCC use to assess and score your profile and rank it in the Express Entry pool. It’s used to assess your:
- Language ability in English and/or French
- Work experience
- Language ability and education of the applicant’s spouse or common-law partner
- Possession of a job offer supported by a positive Labor Market Assessment Impact (LMIA)
- Possession of a provincial government nomination for permanent residence
- connections to Canada
4. How to increase your CRS score?
4.1 Improve your language skills
- Retake the IELTS:
Improving IELTS score is the best way to increase your points.
You need to get at least CLB 7 to be eligible for Express Entry under the Federal Skilled Worker program, which is at least 6.0 on each language ability on the IELTS.
Two or more post-secondary program credentials (one at least 3 years) + CLB 9 or more in all abilities for first language.
To reach CLB 9 on the IELTS General Training exam, you have to achieve the following minimum scores:
- Listening: 8.0
- Speaking 7.0
- Reading: 7.0
- Writing: 7.0
To reach CLB 9 on the CELPIP general exam, you must achieve a minimum score of 9 in each of the four abilities.
You can also take the IELTS/CELPIP as many times as you want to. You can even update your Express Entry profile with new IELTS test results after you submit your profile to the pool.
- Claim points for French:
French can boost your CRS score.
You can get up to 6 points for each ability on the second official language (French). If you can get CLB 9 or more on all the abilities, you will get 24 points.
On top of that, based on CRS rules, if you score CLB 7 OR HIGHER ON ALL French abilities, and CLB 5 or higher on all English abilities, you get an extra 50 points.
4.2 Gain more work experience
- Canadian experience:
If you are a candidate and currently working in Canada under a work permit, keep working as Canadian Work Experience will earn you more points.
When you reach a new threshold of work experience, the CRS score will automatically update. Thus, it is important to mention in your profile that you have ongoing employment.
- Non-Canadian experience:
If you are currently working outside Canada and have less than three years of full-time (or equivalent part-time) experience, keeping working! It will not earn you points under the human capital factors, however, it is rewarded in the skills transferability combinations.
- Additional experience:
Candidate should still keep their profile up to date with all experience. Provinces are on the lookout for expertise in particular areas, and those areas can quickly change. Extra experience could lead to a provincial nomination, worth 600 points.
4. 3 Provincial nominee programs (PNP)
Each Canadian province and territory have a uniquely tailored agreement with the Federal Government that target students, businesspeople, skilled workers, and semi-skilled workers. These Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP) allow the province to be heavily involved when selecting the candidates that will be most beneficial to their specific labour market demands.
Having a PNP nomination with a provincial nomination certificate, you are rewarded extra 600 points under the CRS.
On average, individuals without a PNP certificate will score between 300 and 500. The most recent cut-off scores to be selected for Express Entry have been in the 400 – 500 range. The PNP certificate would give a final Express Entry score above 900 which is significantly higher than the current cut-off selection score of around 400-500 points.
You could easily earn 100 points just by being 20-29 years old with a three-year qualification, which is worth an additional 112 to 120 points. Adding those 600 extra points for your PNP makes an ITA in the next Express Entry invitation round guaranteed.
4.4 Complete another qualification
Consider getting a new degree with a post-secondary credential from Canada, you will get up to 250 CRS points in education. It takes time to get another educational program, but it can help you increase your CRS score.
Not only will you be able to get more human capital points with a higher level of education, but you could also earn more skills transferability points.
4.5 Get a job offer supported by a positive LMIA
To get points, your job offer must be considered valid under Express Entry:
- Full-time continuous and non-seasonal
- At least one year
- occupation at the NOC 0, A or B level
- Supported by a positive LMIA, or LMIA-exemption
- provide a copy of the written job offer outlining position, duties, salary, and conditions of employment (including proof of LMIA or LMIA-exemption)
Getting a valid job offer, you may obtain either 50 or 200 additional points towards your CRS score depending on the position.
4.6 Apply with your spouse/ partner
By submitting an application with your spouse or common-law partner, you can boost your CRS score up to 40 points with 20 points for language skills, 10 points for Canadian Work Experience, and 10 points for educational qualification.
Canada offers many immigration streams for people from over the world. You can pursue one or more of these options at the same time:
– Express Entry: the most popular immigration program for skilled worker from over the world.
– Provincial Nominee Program (PNP): a major way for skilled workers.
The province of Quebec operates its own immigration system to recruit skilled workers.
Other Federal Immigration Programs: IRCC offers other skilled worker immigration pathways: Atlantic provinces, rural and northern communities, working as a caregiver, working in the agri-food sector, start-up a business, being a self-employed person.
Study Pathway: Canadian international students benefit through the above immigration options if they choose to pursue immigration to Canada permanently.
Work in Canada: If you already have a job offer in Canada, you can begin your immigration journey by moving to Canada on a work permit and then pursuing the above options to transition to immigration status.
Sponsorship: If you have a qualifying family member that is a permanent resident or citizen of Canada, family sponsorship will likely be the easiest way for you to immigrate to Canada.
To calculate your CRS score, you first need to understand how Canada awards points to Express Entry candidates through the Comprehensive Ranking System. You can then calculate your points against each factor to determine how you rank in the Express Entry pool.
To receive an estimate of your CRS score, book an initial consultation with our accredited immigration consultant.
Following up the most recent Express Entry draws is the best way to know what CRS scores are competitive for those hoping to receive an invitation to apply for a Canadian permanent residence.
– If your CRS score is currently below recent CRS cut-off requirements, you should not feel discouraged. CRS score requirements change in each Express Entry draw.
– If your CRS score is slightly lower than recent cut-offs, you may patiently wait in the hopes that the cut-off will eventually include candidates with your CRS score. You can also look at ways to improve your CRS score.
– If your CRS score is significantly lower than recent cut-offs, you should not be upset. Being in the Express Entry pool provides you with the opportunity to receive a provincial nomination, which will essentially guarantee that you will be successful under Express Entry.
No one can predict how the CRS score will increase or decrease in the future. No lawyer or consultant can predict this, nor can they guarantee that a person will successfully receive permanent residence through the Express Entry system.
When there is many Express Entry candidates with high CRS scores, the CRS cut-off tends to be higher. When this number of candidates is lower, the CRS cut-off becomes lower.
There are several options for increasing a person’s chances in Canada’s Express Entry pool. Speak to an immigration consultant to see which is the best option for your Canadian Immigration.
Entering the Express Entry pool if you are eligible is beneficial for you since it increases your chances of successfully immigrating to Canada:
– It is free to enter the Express Entry pool
– No one can predict the Express Entry CRS cut-off scores; a low CRS score could be enough to get an invitation to apply for permanent residence.
– While you are in the Express Entry pool, you can improve your CRS score such as by retaking your language test, gaining more eligible professional work experience and/or education, or working and studying in Canada.
– While in the pool you may obtain an invitation to apply for a provincial nomination which will essentially guarantee you will receive an invitation to apply (ITA) for a Canadian permanent residence.
– You may also receive a Canada job offer while in the pool which may give you a high enough CRS score to obtain an ITA for permanent residence.
– You can apply directly to other Canadian immigration programs while you are in the Express Entry pool.
In Canada, the federal government and provinces and territories can operate their own immigration programs. However, the federal government makes the final decision on whether a candidate can obtain permanent residence.
Express Entry manages three of the numerous economic immigration programs operated by the federal government.
The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) allows provinces and territories to signal to the federal government that an immigration candidate meets the economic needs of their region. Such candidates obtain a provincial nomination which they can use to support their permanent residence application submitted to the federal government.
Obtaining a provincial nomination results in an Express Entry application an additional 600 points towards their CRS score, which essentially guarantees they will receive an ITA.
An LMIA is not required for an Express Entry job offer to be valid if all three of these conditions are met:
– you have continued to work full-time for the employer on your work permit for at least 1 year (or you have worked for the employer part time for an equivalent length of time as 1 year)
– the job offer fulfills other requirements for it to be valid such as it falling under NOC 0, A, or B skill type, being recent (e.g., within the last 1 year), and not being from a diplomatic mission in Canada
– you have a work permit that is exempt from an LMIA under an international agreement such as CUSMA (formerly known as NAFTA), federal-provincial agreement, or the “Canadian interests” category.
If you are working in the skilled trades you can receive job offers from up to 2 employers and you must work for both of them.
The minimum CRS score required to receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian permanent residence keeps changing from time to time.
Following up the most recent Express Entry draws is the best way to know what CRS scores are competitive for those hoping to receive an invitation to apply for a Canadian permanent residence.
Depending on your FSW score, your spouse/common-law partner may need to take a language exam (IELTS, CELPIP,…). If your spouse scores a minimum of CLB 4 in each skill, you can claim an additional 5 points toward your FSW score and improve your chances in the Express Entry pool.
Submit an Express Entry profile
1. How to create an Express Entry profile
- Step 1:
Create your IRCC secure account.
If you have a representative, he/she will submit your profile through their Authorized Paid Representatives Portal.
- Step 2:
Fill out an eligibility questionnaire to determine if you qualify for an Express Entry program.
- Step 3:
Fill out an online form with your information, including details on your age, work experience, education, and language test results. Once the form is submitted, the Express Entry system will automatically determine your CRS score and which program you are eligible under.
- Step 4:
Wait for your Invitation to apply (ITA).
2. What is an ITA
An ITA is an invitation to submit an application for permanent residence to certain people who have submitted an Express Entry profile. To accept an ITA, you must submit a full application for permanent residence within 60 days of receiving the invitation.
3. What happens if I receive an Invitation to Apply
If you receive an ITA, you must submit an application for permanent residence within 60 days. If you miss the deadline or decline, your ITA will disappear, and you may not receive another invitation.
4. What documents needed to submit an Express Entry profile
When submitting your Express Entry profile, IRCC will ask you for information from the following documents:
- Valid passport or travel document
- Language test results
- Proof of Canadian education or educational credential assessment (ECA) report
- Proof of funds
- Provincial nomination (if you have one)
- Written job offer from an employer in Canada (if you have one)
- Birth Certificate
- Police clearance certificates
5. How to get a language result authorized by IRCC for Express Entry
There are some options for your language test results:
TEF Canada: Test d’évaluation de français
TCF Canada : Test de connaissance du français
6. How to obtain an ECA for Express Entry
You need to obtain your Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) from a body that is designated by IRCC.
Your options are:
- World Education Services
- Comparative Education Service – University of Toronto School of Continuing Studies
- International Credential Assessment Service of Canada
- International Qualifications Assessment Service
- International Credential Evaluation Service
- Medical Council of Canada (professional body for Doctors)
- Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada (professional body for Pharmacists)
7. How to find a NOC Code
The National Occupational Classification (NOC) is a nationally recognized and standardized system that assigns a four digit code and job description to every occupation in the Canadian labour market.
Skill Type 0 (zero): management jobs, such as:
- restaurant managers
- mine managers
- shore captains (fishing)
Skill Level A: professional jobs that usually call for a degree from a university, such as:
Skill Level B: technical jobs and skilled trades that usually call for a college diploma or training as an apprentice, such as:
Skill Level C: intermediate jobs that usually call for high school and/or job-specific training, such as:
- industrial butchers
- long-haul truck drivers
- food and beverage servers
Skill Level D: labour jobs that usually give on-the-job training, such as:
- fruit pickers
- cleaning staff
- oil field workers
8. How to show proof of fund in an Express Entry profile
Proof of funds is to show that you have enough money to settle in Canada. If you receive an ITA, you must give written proof that you have this money.
Who needs proof of funds
- Federal Skilled Worker Program
- Federal Skilled Trades Program
How much money you’ll need
The amount of money you need to support your family depends on the size of your family. To calculate the size of your family you must include
- your spouse or partner
- your dependent children and
- your spouse’s dependent children
Include your spouse or dependent children even if they’re
- permanent residents or Canadian citizens
- not coming to Canada with you
This table shows the minimum amount you need to immigrate to Canada.
|Number of family members||Funds required (CAD)|
|For each additional family member||$3,560|
9. Ineligible to submit an Express Entry profile
There are some reasons why you are ineligible to submit an Express Entry profile:
- You do not meet the minimum program requirements
- You have less than the required minimum proof of funds
10. How to check the status of Express Entry profile
To check the status of your Express Entry profile, you must log into your IRCC account and click “View the applications you submitted”, then “Express Entry profile status”, and “View your profile”.
11. Express Entry rounds of invitation in 2022
The table below lists all the Express Entry rounds of invitations in 2022:
|# Round||Date||Immigration program||Invitations issued||CRS score of lowest – ranked candidate invite|
12. Express Entry rounds of invitation in 2021
The table below lists all the Express Entry rounds of invitations in 2021:
|# Round||Date||Immigration program||Invitations issued||CRS score of lowest – ranked candidate invite|
|173||20-Jan-21||Provincial Nominee Class||374||741|
No. Your profile expires after one year. If you wish to remain in the Express Entry pool, you need to wait for your profile to expire, and then submit a new one on IRCC’s website. IRCC suggests that you take screenshots of your expired profile to make it easy for you to re-submit your information.
Yes, as long as your profile was found to be eligible, you can update it after submission.
IRCC offers detailed instructions on its website on how to correctly answer questions if you have maintained status (which was previously referred to as “implied status.”
No. Your language test will evaluate you across four abilities: reading, writing, listening, and speaking.
It may be possible that you achieve a different score for the same ability after taking a test multiple times.
Unfortunately, you can only submit your language test results from one test.
Fortunately, you can submit your best language test result.
Note that your language test score is valid for two years.
One approach you can pursue is entering the Express Entry pool, retake the language test until you get your desired score, and then update your Express Entry profile to increase your CRS score.
You can look for a job while in the Express Entry pool by using the Canadian government’s Job Bank. You can also apply directly to employers in Canada, use private sector job boards, and network with employers through social media.
You will need to create a new profile and submit it on IRCC’s website again since ineligible profiles are no longer valid and cannot be changed.
Unlike some programs, which open and close application intake throughout the year, Express Entry remains open for candidates to submit an Express Entry profile year-round.
The tie-breaking rule is a date used by IRCC to determine which candidates with the same CRS score receive an ITA. IRCC uses the tie-breaking rule if there are multiple profiles with the same score as the CRS cut-off. If a candidate’s score is the same as the CRS cut-off, they will only receive an ITA if they submitted a profile before the tie-breaking rule.
After you submit an Express Entry profile, you will receive a confirmation letter that contains your Express Entry profile number. The number will be indicated in the top left-hand corner and should start with “E”.
You are required at least one year of skilled work experience to apply for all economic programs managed by the Express Entry system.
The service-standard processing time for Express Entry applications is 6 months. However, there are many factors that may delay an applicant’s processing time, including:
– Country of residence;
– Type of application; and
There is no maximum age for Express Entry applicants.
You will get maximum points towards age factor if you fall in the age group of 20 to 29. With an increase in every year, there would be a gradual decrease in the points secured towards Age factor. When you reach 47, your score would be 0.
If you are 47 or over, you will not get any points under the Age factor of the CRS, but you may get points for other factors such as a job offer, your skills, your language abilities, etc. You may still be invited to apply based on your CRS score and your rank in the pool.
No. You may only have one profile at a time. This is set out in Canada’s immigration law.
Creating more than one profile will not give you a better chance at being invited or allow you to be invited under a different program.
If after 12 months you are not invited to apply, you can resubmit your profile and stay in the Express Entry pool for an additional 12 months. This can be repeated as many times as necessary.
If you’ve been found not eligible, you will need to create a new profile. An ineligible profile is no longer valid so you can’t change it, even if you have new information.
You will still have to meet the Express Entry requirements that are in place. So, unless you made a mistake in your first profile or your circumstances have changed (for example, you have new language test results, you now have more work experience, etc.), there is a good chance you will be found ineligible again.
You can review the requirements to see which ones you did not meet. This can help you find what to do to meet the requirements so you can apply again.
CRS score distribution of Candidates in the Express Entry pool as of April 27, 2022: